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By Samuel Elmo Martin

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Extra info for A reference grammar of Korean

Example text

Some speakers feel that they also articulate -tee- for the -cc- from -t c(c)- but that is questionable. The pronunciation of -tss- from -t s(s)- is highly artificial; a genuine /tss/ is used by many speakers in pronounced the loanword syaccu 'shirt' (also syassu) as [Sattsi], following the articulatory habits of Japanese, from which the word was borrowed. As earlier observed (§1. 5), Chinese loanwords regularly reinforce the sequences ... Js... , ... 1c... , and ... u... to .. ,lqs.. ,, ... Jqc·..

Rules to convert morphophonemic/ orthographic strings to phonemic strings: A Reference Grammar of Korean PART I 31 (1) NASAL LATERALIZATION. Change n to I when it is contiguous to I. (2) LIQUID NASALIZATION. Change I to n when it is after a consonant other than I or is after juncture. (3) NASAL ASSIMILATION. Convert the oral stops p t k to the corresponding nasals m n ng when a nasal (m n) follows. (4) CLUSTER REINFORCEMENT. Reinforce simple p t k c s to pp tt kk cc ss after an obstruent (p t k).

Syllable boundaries are assumed to be automatically determined at a given tempo. The zero onset and coda are noted with the symbol "o". pphpptthttssscchcckkh- kk- hmn10- -p pp ph pp ptt pth ptt pss pss pee pch pee pkk pkh pkk ph mm mn mn -t -k pp ph pp tt th kpp ss ss cc ch cc kk kh kk kss tt th nm nn (nn) kph kpp ktt kth ktt kss kcc kch kcc kk kh kk kh ngm ngn ngn -m mp mph mpp mt mth mtt ms mss me mch mcc mk mkh mkk mh mm mn mn -n mp mph mpp nt nth ntt ns nss nc nch nee ngk ngkh ngkk nh mm nn IL -ng ngp ngph ngpp ngt ngth ngtt ngs ngss ngc ngch ngcc ngk ngkh ngkk ngh ngm ngn ngn -I Ip lph )pp It Ith ltt Is lss le lch Ice lk lkh lkk lh Im IL II -0 p ph PP t th tt s ss C ch cc k kh kk h m n I This table can be regarded as a kind of filter, through which the underlying morphophonemic strings that we expect to occur across morpheme boundaries (or orthographic pseudo-boundaries) are converted to the phonemic strings that serve as input to the rules that tell the articulatory organs how to realize the utterances.

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