Download A Personal History of Cesr and Cleo: The Cornell Electron by Karl Berkelman PDF

By Karl Berkelman

ISBN-10: 9812386971

ISBN-13: 9789812386977

This precious publication is a old account of the Cornell Electron garage Ring and its major detector facility, CLEO, from their beginnings within the overdue 1970's till the top of knowledge assortment at particle energies above the brink for B meson creation in June 2001. The CESR electron–positron collider used to be the fruits of a sequence of electron accelerators built on the Cornell Laboratory of Nuclear reviews, beginning in 1945. size of the goods of the e+e– collisions was once played with the multipurpose CLEO gear, equipped and operated through the CLEO collaboration, which consisted of approximately 2 hundred college, employees and graduate scholars from over 20 universities. This account is predicated in general at the author's memories as a player.

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In 1980, the CERN UA1 and UA2 experiments were being turned on at the SPS collider, with the major goal of finding the W ± and Z 0 weak intermediate vector bosons in p¯p collisions. CERN and SLAC were proposing to build the LEP and SLC e+ e− colliders to exploit the physics at the Z 0 resonance at about 91 GeV in the center of mass. 7 km ring costing over half a billion dollars, and the SLC would depend on an untried linear collider scheme with rather risky prospects for luminosity. It seemed to Maury and others that here was an opportunity.

In 1980, the CERN UA1 and UA2 experiments were being turned on at the SPS collider, with the major goal of finding the W ± and Z 0 weak intermediate vector bosons in p¯p collisions. CERN and SLAC were proposing to build the LEP and SLC e+ e− colliders to exploit the physics at the Z 0 resonance at about 91 GeV in the center of mass. 7 km ring costing over half a billion dollars, and the SLC would depend on an untried linear collider scheme with rather risky prospects for luminosity. It seemed to Maury and others that here was an opportunity.

Ed Thorndike and the Rochester group confirmed that the lepton rates were compatible with the counting rules. This established the existence of the new quark flavor, and can be considered the discovery of the B meson. By the First Data, 1979–1980 37 end of 1980 CLEO had submitted four important papers (see Appendix, Tables 4, 5, 11) that set the course of CESR physics for the next decades. • • • • Observation of three upsilon bound states. Observation of a fourth, wider upsilon state in e+ e− annihilations.

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