By R. M. W. Dixon
The folks who stay within the Boumaa sector of the Fijian island of Taveuni converse a dialect of Fijian that's jointly intelligible with normal Fijian, the 2 differing as a lot possibly as do the yankee and British different types of English. in the course of 1985, R. M. W. Dixon—one of the main insightful of linguists engaged in descriptive reports today—lived within the village of Waitabu and studied the language spoken there. He present in Boumaa Fijian a wealth of remarkable positive factors unknown in normally studied languages and at the foundation of his fieldwork ready this grammar.Fijian is an agglutinating language, one during which phrases are shaped by means of the profligate combining of morphemes. There are not any case inflections, and annoying and element as proven by means of self sufficient clitics or phrases inside of a predicate advanced. so much verbs are available in either transitive and intransitive types, and nouns could be increase frequently from verbal components and verbs from nouns. The language can be marked via a hugely constructed pronoun method and by way of a vocabulary wealthy in parts of social significance.In the hole chapters, Dixon describes the Islands' political, social, and linguistic association, outlines the details of Fijian phonology, and offers an summary of the grammar. In succeeding chapters, he examines a couple of grammatical subject matters in better element, together with clause and word constitution, verbal syntax, deictics, and anaphora. the amount additionally contains a complete vocabulary of all kinds handled in dialogue and 3 of the fifteen texts recorded from monolingual village elders on which the grammar is predicated.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Boumaa Fijian
Of particular significance is a synopsis of the contents of the MGZY (105-134). In this section, all entry lines of the MGZY text are numbered consecutively. Both a paleographic transcription of the original spelling forms and a phonetic interpretation are given for each entry. This is followed by the head character of each true homophone group in the line, marked by tone. The numbered entry lines are keyed to the page numbers of the Kansai University and Luo and Cai facsimiles. Thus, one can juxtapose this list with whichever facsimile one has in hand and match any particular line in both.
22Regarding how this was done, see Ning (loc. ). 21 A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese 23Substantial portions of this section are taken from Coblin (1999: 87-91). 24The names and identities of many of these individuals are known. See Rachewiltz (1966). 25Some major published theories are that it represents: (1) the pronunciation of the Yuan-time city of Dada, (2) the pronunciation of the Kaifeng/Luoyfmg area, or (3) a general north Chinese koine pronunciation rather than the sound system of a particular place or region.
Following this, in 1930 Aleksandr Dragunov made extensive use of Karlgren's "Ancient Chinese" system to discuss the phonology of 'Phags-pa Chinese. In the same year, there appeared in Japan an article by Oshibuchi Hajime (1930) which is characterized by Nakano (1971: 17, n. 17) as parallel to Dragunov' s. Oshibuchi used not Karlgren' s system but the structure of the Zhongyuan yfnyim to study the 'Phags-pa material. His work is noteworthy for the fact that he also consulted a copy of the British MGZY manuscript.