Download A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy PDF

By John Murphy

A good Provision is a story background of the way and why Australia equipped a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. at first of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they have to no longer have a bad legislations, but had reproduced the various structures of charitable provision in Britain. by means of the beginning of the 20th century, a mix of prolonged suffrage, uncomplicated salary rules and the elderly pension had ended in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia used to be a 'welfare laggard' and the exertions Party's welfare nation of the mid-1940s used to be a comparatively modest and parsimonious building. versions of welfare in keeping with social assurance were vigorously rejected, and the Australian procedure persisted on a course of hugely residual, unique welfare funds.

The e-book explains this curious and halting trajectory, displaying how offerings made in previous a long time restricted what might be performed, and what should be imagined. in line with broad new examine from a number of basic assets it makes an important contribution to common ancient debates, in addition to to the sphere of comparative social coverage.

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He worried that the ‘outdoor relief’ distributed by the Benevolent Asylum was subject to abuse and imposition, and condemned the Master of the Parramatta Asylum, which housed 265 infirm destitute men, for giving out ‘deficient’ rations and for what appeared to be theft of the paltry savings of one old man. At the Liverpool Asylum, which housed some 620 destitute, aged and infirm men, he found fairer and more efficient administration. 20 But his main interest was in children’s institutions, and here he drew lessons from British experience to propose the closure of large institutions, such as the Industrial Schools and the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children.

39 41 42 43 40 VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 79. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 539–40, 546–7. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, p. 544. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 554–6. VPD, vol. 87, 1897, pp. 564, 566–7. The Pauper in the New World 23 Turner seemed baffled by all this opposition, for how was implementing the provisions of this Royal Commission a step towards the treadmill and stonebreaking? A week later, he meekly notified parliament that the bill was abandoned. There were many reasons why the legislation was opposed – its supposed effect on friendly societies (some of which opposed it publicly), its intention to establish government control over previously autonomous charities, the resistance of the country against the city, and the opinion of some municipal governments that charity was not their concern.

5 (Melbourne, 1974), pp. 293–4. E. Fredman, ‘Zox, Ephraim Laman (1837–1899)’, ADB, vol. 6 (Melbourne, 1976), pp. 462–3. 31 A Decent Provision 20 ‘their indigent relations who are burdens on the Charitable Institutions’, and they supported the boarding-out or foster care system for children, with a preference for placements in the country. None of this was particularly controversial, and nor did it reflect the mission of the COS. But much of it was costly, and none of these initiatives survived the economic crisis of the early 1890s.

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